The standard in the broad sense of the word is the sample, the template, the model adopted for the original to compare with other objects; normative and technical standardization document establishing a set of rules, regulations, requirements to object of standardization, and approved by the competent authority. Standard can be developed on the logistical objects (products, models, samples of substances), rules, regulations, requirements of organizational-methodological and general technical nature. Standard applies to all spheres of human activity: science, technology, industrial and agricultural manufacturing, construction, healthcare, transport, etc.

Translation from: Большая Советская Энциклопедия (БСЭ) В. В. Бойцов.